Digital Editions

The ʿAyn al-Naẓar, by Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Ashraf al-Ḥusaynī al-Samarqandī (d. 722/1322).

Digital Edition by Walter Young and Frederik Elwert

Project Description:

Digital Edition:

A treatise on three logical relationships essential to dialectical disputation. Collated from two manuscript witnesses held by the British Library, the edition is accompanied by an Introduction, Glossary, and Guide; and its features, accessed by hovering over the Arabic text or clicking on buttons, include line-by-line English translations, with glossary-linked Arabic terms; full critical apparatus for variants, scribal additions, substitutions, corrections, etc.; short glosses from the manuscript margins; and magnifiable folio images for one of the manuscript witnesses.

As co-creator Dr. Frederik Elwert explains: “A digital edition is not only an edition that is available online, it represents also a different approach to the very act of scholarly editing. As such, the edition consists of two parts: An XML file following the guidelines of the Text Encoding Initiative which captures scholarly statements about the text, and a rule set that converts these abstract statements into a navigable web page.”

The online edition is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, and is hosted by the Digital Humanities at the Center for Religious Studies (DH@CERES), Ruhr-Universität Bochum.



by David R. Vishanoff

This practical and enlightening digital venue includes a critical edition, English translation, and editor’s commentary on the Kitāb al‑Waraqāt fī Uṣūl al‑Fiqh by Imām al‑Ḥaramayn al-Juwaynī. There is also a forum in which readers can post their comments.