Secondary Studies

Abū Zahra, Muḥammad. Tārīkh al-Jadal. Cairo: Dār al-Fikr al-ʿArabī, 1934.

Abdullaeva, Firuza. “The Bodleian Manuscript of Asadī Tūsī’s Munāzara Between an Arab and a Persian: Its Place in the Transition from Ancient Debate to Classical Panegyric [le manuscrit bodléien du munāzara entre un arabe et un persan de asadī tūsī: Sa place dans la transition entre le débat antique et le panégyrique classique].” Iran 47 (2009): 69-95

Abdullaeva, Firuza. “The Origins of the Munāẓara Genre in New Persian Literature.” In Metaphor and Imagery in Persian Poetry, Leiden: Brill, 2012.

Adanali, Ahmet Hadi. “Dialectical Methodology and its Critique: Ghazali as a Case Study.” Ph.D. Diss, University of Chicago, 1995.

Adang, Camilla. “Intra- and interreligious controversies in 3rd/9th century Qayrawan: the polemics of Muhammad b. Sahnun.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 36 (2009): pp. 281-309.

Al Saddik, Hussein. “Les Genres Litteraires Au IVeme Siecle De l’Hegire : A Propos De La Munazara.” Ph.D. Diss., Universite de Paris III (Sorbonne-Nouvelle), 1990.

Arif, Syamsuddin. “Ṭaşkūbrīzādah on the Art of Disputation: Risālah fī Ādāb al-Baḥth wa al-Munāẓarah.” Forthcoming paper: International Ṭaşkūbrīzādah Symposium, Istanbul Medeniyet University, November 18-20, 2016.

ʿAlwānī, Ṭāhā Jābir Fayyāḍ, and al-Shaikh-Ali, A. S. The Ethics of Disagreement in Islam. 1st ed. Issues of Islamic Thought; No. 5. Herndon, Va.: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1993.

Aʿwānī, Gholāmrezā. “Jadal.” In Dāʾirat-i Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī. Tehran: Markaz-i Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, 1988, vol. 17, pp. 620-627.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Ādāb Al-Baḥth Wa-al-Munāẓara: The Neglected Art Of Disputation In Later Medieval Islam.” In Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 26.2 (2016), 291-307.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Al-Ashʿarī’s Adab al-jadal as a Connection between Theology and Law.” Conference Paper: Intersections of Islamic Theology and Law (Berlin Graduate School Muslim Cultures and Societies, Freie Universität Berlin, 10-12 Nov 2015).

Belhaj, Abdessamad. Argumentation et Dialectique en Islam: Formes et Séquences de la Munāẓara. Louvain: Presses Universitaires de Louvain, 2010.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Dialectics of the Qur’an through Q 2:258.” Islamic Studies 51.3 (2012): 263-273.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Disputation is a Fighting Sport: Munāẓara according to Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya.” Mamluk Studies Review 18.1 (2016): 1-13.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. Mullā Khusraw as a Dialectician: Some Remarks on His Muḥākamāt. In Tevfik Yücedogru et al, eds., Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mullā Khusraw, Bursa Büyük Ȟehir Belediyesi: Bursa, 2013, pp. 105-118.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Al-Samarqandi’s Adab al-bahth: The Art of Disputation in Medieval Islam.” In Mirella Cassarino, Dialogue in Arabic culture, 2014, pp. 35-45.

Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Ṭāshköprüzāde’s Ādāb al-baḥth wa-l-munāẓara: Intersection of Ethics, Logic, and Law.” In M. Reinkowski, M. Winet, S. Yasargil, eds., Arabic and Islamic Studies in Europe and Beyond / Études arabes et islamiques en Europe et au-delà. Peeters: Leuven, 2015, pp. 289-300.

[Belhaj, Abdessamad. “Tašköprüzada Adab al-baht wa-‘l-munazara-ja: az etika, a logika és a jog találkozása.” In Fodor György, Sarbak Gábor, Ünnepi kötet Maróth Miklós hetvenedik születésnapja tiszteletére, Szent István Társulat: Budapest, 2013, p. 11-18.]

Bertaina, David. “An Arabic Account of Theodore Abu Qurra in Debate at the Court of Caliph Al-Ma’Mun: A Study in Early Christian and Muslim Literary Dialogues.” Ph.D. Diss., The Catholic University of America, 2007.

Çakıcı, Bilal. Mehmed bahâeddîn’in münâzara-i seyf ü kalem’i. Acta Turcica: Çevrimiçi Tematik Türkoloji Dergisi/Online Thematic Journal of Turkic Studies 2.1 (2010): 110-130.

Cook, Michael. “Ibn Saʿdī on Truth-Blindness.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 33 (2007), pp. 169-178.

DiPasquale, David Michael. Alfarabi and the Starting Point of Islamic Philosophy: A Study of the Kitāb Al-Jadal (Book of Dialectic). Ph.D. Diss., Harvard University, 2002.

“Dschadal.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dschadal (accessed February 10, 2017).

Dziri, Amir. Die Ars Disputationis in Der Islamischen Scholastik: Grundzüge Der Muslimischen Argumentations- Und Beweislehre. Freiburg i. Br. : Kalam, [2015].

El-Rouayheb, Khaled. “Chapter II. A Discourse on Method: the Evolution of Ādāb al-Baḥth.” In idem,  Islamic Intellectual History in the Seventeenth Century: Scholarly Currents in the Ottoman Empire and the Maghreb. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

El-Sheikh, Salah. “Al-Mujadalah and Al-Mujadilah then and Now: Kalam, Dialectical Argument, and Practical Reason in the Qur’an.” The Muslim World 93.1 (2003): 1-50.

Fallūsī, Masʿūd. Al-Jadal ʿinda al-Uṣūliyyīn: bayna al-Naẓariyya wa’l-Taṭbīq. Riyadh: Maktabat al-Rushd Nāshirūn, 2003.

Gaiser, Adam. “Les récits ibâḍites nord-africains et omanais de la Munâẓara : comparaison préliminaire.” Revue du monde musulman et de la Méditerranée 132 (2012): 63-73.

Gelder, Geert Jan Van. “The Conceit of Pen and Sword: On an Arabic Literary Debate.” Journal of Semitic Studies 32.2 (Fall, 1987): 329.

Güney, Adem. Kemâlüddîn Mes ûd B. Hüseyin Eşşirvânî nin Şerhu Âdâbi ssemerkandî Adlı Eseri nin Tenkitli Neşri. MA Thesis: Sakarya Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, 2010.

Gyekye, Kwame. “Al-Fārābī on the Logic of the Arguments of the Muslim Philosophical Theologians.” Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 27 no. 1, 1989, pp. 135-143.

Hallaq, Wael. “A Tenth-Eleventh Century Treatise on Juridical Dialectic.” Muslim World 77 (1987): pp. 197-228.

Halper, Yehuda. “Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 Of Aristotle’s Metaphysics.” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 26, no. 1 (2016): 161–84.

Hamdani, S. “The Dialectic of Power : Sunni-Shi’i Debates in Tenth-Century North Africa.” Studia Islamica 90 (2000): 5-21.

Hämeen-Anttilla, Jaakko. “The Essay and Debate (al-risāla and al-munāẓara).” In Arabic Literature in the Post-Classical Period, edited by Allen, Roger, Richards, D S, 134-144. Cambridge, England: Cambridge UP, 2006.

al-Ḥawshānī, Sharīfa bint ʿAlī. “al-Ḥudūd wa’l-Alfāẓ al-Jadaliyya fī Bāb al-Qiyās Ta’sīsan ʿalā al-Sharīf al-Marāghī, wa’l-Naylī, wa’l-Āmidī.” Majallat Jāmiʿat al-Malik Suʿūd 20 (1429/2008): 607-673.

al-Ḥawshānī, Sharīfa bint ʿAlī. Al-Ḥudūd wa’l-Alfāẓ al-Uṣūliyya wa’l-Jadaliyya ʿinda al-Sharīf al-Marāghī, wa Mawqif al-Āmidī wa’l-Naylī minhā. [Place, publisher, date, currently unknown].

Heinrichs, Wolfhart. “Ǧadal bei aṭ-Ṭūfī, eine Interpretation seiner Beispielsammlung.” In Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Supplement III, 1. Wiesbaden: 1977, pp. 463-473.

Ibn Khaldūn. “Faṣl 9. Fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh wa mā yataʿallaqu bihi min al-Jadal wa’l-Khilāfiyyāt.” In Muqaddima. Ed. Khalīl Shaḥāda. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 2001, pp. 573-9. [Translation by Franz Rosenthal. “The science of the principles of jurisprudence and its subdivisions, dialectics and controversial questions.” In The Muqaddimah : an Introduction to History. 2nd Ed. 3 Vols. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967, Vol. 3, Section 13, 23-34.]

Jahdani, Abdelouahad. “Kitâb Masāʾil al-Ḫilâf fî Uṣûl al-Fiqh : les problèmes de divergences en méthodologie juridique de Ḥusayn B. ʿAlî al-Ṣaymarî : présentation, analyse et édition critique.” PhD Diss., Université de Provence, Aix-Marseille I, 1991.

Kane, Ousmane Oumar. “La Controverse Islamo-Chretienne En Afrique Du Sud: Ahmed Deedat Et Les Nouvelles Formes De Debat.” Journal of African History 53, no. 2 (07, 2012): 258-260.

Karabela, M. “Debate and Disputation (munâzara)” in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Third Edition EI3, edited by Ayman Shihadeh (Leiden: Brill). [Forthcoming]

Karabela, M. 2014. “Debate (jadal) in Philosophy” in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Third Edition EI3, edited by Ayman Shihadeh (Leiden: Brill). [Forthcoming]

Karabela, Mehmet Kadri. The Development of Dialectic and Argumentation Theory in Post-Classical Islamic Intellectual History. Ph.D. Diss., McGill University, 2010.

Kepekçi, Berra. “The Art of Disputation in the Context of Ṭaşkūbrīzādah’s SharĀdāb al-Baḥth wa’l-Munāẓara.” Forthcoming paper: International Ṭaşkūbrīzādah Symposium, Istanbul Medeniyet University, November 18-20, 2016.

Lazarus-Yafeh, Hava, et al., eds. The Majlis: Interreligious Encounters in Medieval Islam. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1999.

Makdisi, George. “Dialectic and Disputation. The relation between the Texts of Qirqisani and Ibn ʿAqil.” in P. Salmon (ed.): Mélanges d’islamologie. Volume dédié à la mémoire de Armand Abel. 3 vols., Leiden: 1974-78, vol. I, pp. 201-206.

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen. “Debate and Disputation.” In J. D. McAuliffe, ed. Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an. 6 vols. Leiden: 2001-2006, vol. I, pp. 511-514.

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen. “Debate with them in the Better Way. The Construction of a Qurʾānic Commonplace.” In B. Embaló, et al., eds. Myths, Historical Archetypes and Symbolic Figures in Arabic Literature. Beirut: 1999, pp. 163-88.

Melvin-Koushki, Matthew. “Imperial Talismanic Love: Ibn Turka’s Debate of Feast and Fight (1426) as Philosophical Romance and Lettrist Mirror for Timurid Princes,” Der Islam 96/1 (forthcoming 2019).

Miller, Larry Benjamin. “Al-Farâbî’s Dispute about the Adab al-Jadal.” In Acts of the International Symposium on Ibn Turk, Khwârezmî, Fârâbî, Beyrûnî and Ibn Sînâ: (Ankara, 9-12 September 1985). Ankara: Atatürk Culture Center, 1990, p. 185-188.

Miller, Larry Benjamin. Islamic Disputation Theory: A Study of the Development of Dialectic in Islam from the Tenth Through Fourteenth Centuries. Ph.D. Diss., Princeton University, 1984.

Moreen, Vera. “A Shīʿī-Jewish ‘Debate’ (Munazara) in the Eighteenth Century.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 119.4 (1999):570 -589.

Pehlivan, Necmettin. “Âdâbu’l-Bahs Devrimine Doğru Son Evrim: Burhanuddin En-Nesefî’nin el-Fusûl’ü, (Ar. Gör. Hadi Ensar Ceylan ile birlikte).” Ankara Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 56/2 (2015), pp. 1-75.

Pehlivan, Necmettin. “Ahmed Şevki Efendi’nin Risale fî  Âdâbi’l-Münâzara İsimli Eseri ve Âdâbu’l-Bahs ve’l-Münâzara Geleneğindeki Yeri.’” EskiYeni, 30 (Bahar 2015), pp. 41-58.

Pehlivan, Necmettin. “Muhammed Kefevî ve ‘Risâle fî’l- Âdâb.’” Felsefe Dünyası 56 (2012), pp. 322-333.

Rahman, Shahid and Muhammad Iqbal. “Unfolding Parallel Reasoning in Islamic Jurisprudence (I). Epistemic and Dialectical Meaning in Abū Isḥāq al-Shīrāzī’s System of Co-Relational Inferences of the Occasioning Factor.” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 28 (2018), pp. 67–132.

Rahman, Shahid and Muhammad Iqbal. “Unfolding Parallel Reasoning in Islamic Jurisprudence (II). Epistemic and Dialectical Meaning in Abū Isḥāq al-Shīrāzī’s System of Co-Relational Inferences by Indication and Resemblance.” [Forthcoming, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy].

Rahman, Tariq. “Munazarah Literature in Urdu: An Extra-Curricular Educational Input in Pakistan’s Religious Education.” Islamic Studies 47.2 (2008): 197-?.

Raynaud, Dominique, “Al-Samarqandī: un Précurseur de L’analyse des Controverses Scientifiques.” Al-Mukhāṭabāt 7 (2013), pp. 8-25.

Rezaeiyazdi, Hamid. “The Dialogical Tradition of Iranian Modernity: Monazereh, Simultaneity, and the Making of Modern Iran.” Iranian Studies 49/3 (2015): 327-357.

Rezaeiyazdi, Hamid. “‘Neither Ākhūnd nor Fukulī’ : Munāzirah and the Discourse of Iranian Modernity.” Iranian Studies 49/5 (2016): 855-885.

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al-Sharqāwī, Ḥ. Al-Jadal fi’l-Qur’ān. Alexandria: 1986.

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Young, Walter Edward. “Al-Samarqandī’s Third Mas’ala: Juridical Dialectic Governed by the Ādāb al-Baḥth.” Oriens 46.1-2 (2018) [Special Issue: Rationalist Disciplines and Postclassical Islamic Legal Theories]: 62-128.

Young, Walter Edward. “The Dialectical Forge: Proto-System Juridical Disputation in the Kitāb Ikhtilāf al-ʿIrāqiyyīn.” 2 vols. Ph.D. Diss., McGill University, 2012.

Young, Walter Edward. The Dialectical Forge: Juridical Disputation and the Evolution of Islamic Law. Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning; v. 9. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017.

Young, Walter Edward. “Have You Considered (A-ra’ayta)? Don’t You See/Opine (A-lā Tarā)? A Working Typology of Ra’ā Formulae in Early Islamic Juridical Disputation.” In Y. Papadogiannakis and B. Roggema, eds., Patterns of Argumentation and Exchange of Ideas in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. [Forthcoming]

Young, Walter. “Mulāzama in Action in the Early Ādāb al-Baḥth.” Oriens 44.3-4 (2016) [Special Issue: Major Issues and Controversies of Arabic Logic]: 332-385.

Young, Walter Edward. On the Protocol for Dialectical Inquiry (Ādāb al-Baḥth): A Critical Edition and Parallel Translation of the Sharḥ al-Risāla al-Samarqandiyya by Quṭb al-Dīn al-Kīlānī (fl. ca. 830/1427), Prefaced by a Critical Edition and Parallel Translation of its Grundtext: the Risāla fī Ādāb al-Baḥth by Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī (d.722/1322). [Forthcoming]

Young, Walter Edward. Scholarly Contexts of the Early Ādāb al-Baḥth: An Intellectual Prosopography Drawn from the Margins of Quṭb al-Dīn al-Kīlānī’s Sharḥ al-Risāla al-Samarqandiyya, with Critical Editions of its Common Glosses. [Forthcoming]