[Sample] al-Shāfiʿī on a partner’s manumitting his share of a jointly-owned slave

Muḥammad b. Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī, Ikhtilāf al-ʿIrāqiyyayn / ʿIrāqiyyīn, Bāb fi’l-Sharika wa’l-ʿItq wa Ghayrihi, §§754-773 754 – Al-Shāfiʿī, may God have mercy upon him, said: When the slave is [jointly-owned] between two men, and one of them manumits his portion of him; if he is solvent so that he can pay out half his value, then … More [Sample] al-Shāfiʿī on a partner’s manumitting his share of a jointly-owned slave

[Sample] al-Samarqandī on Dawarān

Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī on Dawarān, in the ʿAyn al-Naẓar 43 The Third Inquiry: On Dawarān (Concomitance). And it is [also] called Mudāwara; such being an expression denoting the subordination of the effect to something which has suitability for causality, time after time. Like the subordination of milk (ownership) to bayʿ muṭlaq (unconditional commutation). And the … More [Sample] al-Samarqandī on Dawarān